Video from Japan Times
Four elements have been officially approved and joined 118 others on the periodic table, according to a report on CNN.
With the inclusion of “Nihonium (Nh), Moscovium (Mc), Oganesson (Og) and Tennessine (Ts), the table is now complete down to the seventh row, the report said.
But what makes one of the four elements special is that a researcher from Asia named Kosuke Morita discovered it, the first one to do so from this part of the world, the report said.
Morita, father of “nihonium” (derived from nihon which means Japan) and a physics professor at Kyushu University in Japan, said his team’s addition to the periodic table was exciting and symbolic, according to the report.
“All the elements before were discovered in the West, and it is wonderful that we now have an element discovered in Asia,” said Morita in a statement.
Research since 2003
Nihonium is an extremely radioactive, superheavy, synthetically-made element that Morita’s research group has been working on since 2003, according to CNN.
The group synthesized element 113 for the first time in July 2004, repeating the feat in April 2005 and August 2012. They used RIKEN national research Institute’s heavy ion linear accelerator — a particle accelerator that increases the kinetic energy of charged ions to produce reactions, it said.
In December 2015, Morita submitted his team’s proposed name for element 113 to the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. It was officially approved after undergoing a public review between June to November 2016.
“We’ve always been dreaming of having a Japanese name on the table again,” Hideto En’yo, the director of RIKEN’s nuclear physics center, told CNN.
Next up, Morita wants to focus on discovering even heavier elements that may make it onto the periodic table.
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